The Growing African Immigrant Population in the United States

Written by on November 4, 2015 in Demographics, Refugee Status with 0 Comments

6017941548_ba38f0e989_bMuch is said and written about the immigrant population in the United States. However, most work focuses on immigrant populations from Latin America and Asia. Fortunately, the Pew Research Center has just provided a new snapshot of the foreign-born population that hails from countries across Africa. While Africans remain a small share of the total foreign-born population, their numbers are growing and in some areas they make up a significant share of the local immigrant population.

According to Pew:

“There were 1.8 million African immigrants living in the U.S. in 2013, up from 881,000 in 2000 and a substantial increase from 1970, when the U.S. was home to only 80,000 foreign-born Africans. They accounted for 4.4% of the immigrant population in 2013, up from 0.8% in 1970.”

Immigrants from Nigeria, Ethiopia, Egypt, Ghana, and Kenya accounted for nearly half of the foreign-born African population in the United States in 2013. However, other nations like the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, Eritrea, and Ethiopia are represented due to refugee resettlement programs in the United States—a cornerstone of America’s long-standing commitment to providing safety and sanctuary to those experiencing war and political upheaval.

Pew notes that:

“this recent wave can be traced to the Refugee Act of 1980, which made it easier for those fleeing conflict-ridden areas, such as Somalia and Ethiopia, to resettle in the U.S. Back then, less than 1% of all refugee arrivals were from Africa, compared with 32% today, according to figures from the U.S. State Department’s Refugee Processing Center.”

Many Africans from Sub-Saharan countries arrived thanks to the diversity visa lottery program, designed to bring more diversity to the Immigrant population entering the United States.

Pew writes:

“African immigrants from the sub-Saharan region are also more likely than immigrants overall to enter the U.S. through the diversity visa program – an act passed in 1990 to encourage immigration from underrepresented nations.”

Pew also describes enclaves of specific African nationalities that have settled in areas around the nation, making them the largest immigrant group locally:

“Many African refugees from Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia have settled in South Dakota (Ethiopians are the largest immigrant group overall there). Africans make up 28% of South Dakota’s foreign-born population. Fueled by Minnesota’s sizable Somali-born community, 21% of the foreign-born population in that state is African. Africans account for a sizable portion of the overall immigrant population in several other areas, including Washington, D.C., Maryland and Maine.”

Pew provides an important analysis of the growing share of African immigrants who now call the United States home.

Photo by David Salafla.

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